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Contraception or birth control methods are broadly divided into Natural methods, Barrier methods, Hormonal contraceptives, Intrauterine devices, and Surgical Procedures. We will look at each one of them in detail but for now, we will focus on the first two of the aforementioned methods.
To absolutely refrain from sex is the only sure way to 100 percent avoid the pregnancy. This is however not humanly possible and this is why other methods have been devised to achieve contraception successfully.
Natural family planning method
There are certain days every month during which a woman is found to be more fertile and pregnancy can be avoided simply by either completely refraining from sexual intercourse during these days or using barrier methods of contraception. The parameters that help us predict the likelihood of fertility include daily Temperature charting and changing nature of cervical secretions of a woman.
In this method, contraception is achieved by blocking the path of the sperm so that it cannot reach the ovum thus preventing the fertilization and helping us have birth control. The options available in this case are spermicidal agents, male and female condoms and diaphragms.
In this method we use chemical agents that destroy the sperms right at the point of its entrance i.e vagina, thus avoiding pregnancy. The use of these agents is however associated with an increased risk of STD transmission.
They are made up of latex and are widely available at a low cost. They can also protect against sexually transmitted disease. There are however some shortcomings to the use of condoms. We have to use a new condom every time you go for intercourse and it may result in contraception failure if it tears or ruptures during intercourse.
Female condoms are available in the form of a plastic pouch that is placed in the vagina before sexual intercourse. It can provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases but in general, it is regarded as less effective as compared to the male condoms.
A diaphragm is a dome-shaped device that is placed over the cervix before having sexual intercourse and it works by blocking the entry of sperm to the uterus. It comes in different sizes and you always need a doctor to figure it out what size is appropriate for you. Besides, it is associated with an increased risk of a life-threatening condition called toxic-shock syndrome.
Come to Century Medical and Dental Center (Downtown Brooklyn, Gravesend, Flatbush, Fort Greene and Midtown Manhattan) to see which birth control option is best for you.