Podiatry is the medical branch that cares for your feet and ankles. Considering the weight they bear, your feet are small compared to the rest of your body. If pain or other problems arise with your feet, seek out the best podiatrist in Brooklyn for diagnosis and treatment. Your podiatrist in Brooklyn is trained and skilled in identifying problems and choosing the most appropriate treatment.
Your feet and ankles comprise 26 bones and 33 joints. They contain many more muscles, ligaments and tendons. Everything has to work together perfectly to allow you to stand, balance, walk and run.
Yet your feet are subject to a lot of abuse over the years. And you may neglect them in your regular self-care regimen. As a result, your feet are easily injured, and they can suffer wear and tear as you age. The best podiatrist in Brooklyn helps care for your feet and ankles, keeping you active and moving.
Causes of Foot Problems
Foot pain can arise from many sources, including:
- Improper-fitting shoes
- Inappropriate shoes
- Normal wear and tear due to aging
- Poor circulation, such as from diabetes
- Consistent or prolonged exposure to cold temperatures or moisture
- Ingrown toenails from improper clipping
- Sitting for long periods of time
- Injury or trauma
Foot Conditions and Treatments
Visit your podiatrist in Brooklyn for diagnosis and treatment of foot issues that include:
- Fungal and bacterial infections. Infections cause redness, blisters, peeling and itching. Fungal toenails and athlete’s foot usually respond to topical or oral medications. Laser treatments offer quicker resolution.
- Warts. Your podiatry doctor may use freezing or burning methods in relatively pain-free procedures.
- Bunions. When your big toe joint is out of alignment, it causes swelling and tenderness. Often the result of poor-fitting shoes or an inherent weakness, bunions can be treated with better-fitting shoes or specialty inserts. Medications can be injected to relieve pain. Surgery is a final treatment option.
- Corns and calluses. These often arise from friction as areas of your foot rub against poorly fitting shoes. Finding better shoes and using special pads can relieve discomfort. From your podiatrist in Brooklyn, you can get certain medications to destroy the uncomfortable tissue.
- Ingrown toenails. When a poorly trimmed nail breaks the skin around the nail bed, ingrown toenails can develop. Removing the encroaching part of the nail must occur for healing.
- Bone spurs. Calcium grows on the bones of your feet, causing spurs. They can be caused by standing for long periods of time, wearing poorly fitting shoes or being overweight. While bone spurs don’t always cause pain, you can relieve any pain through proper foot support, heel pads or surgery in severe cases.
- Hammer toe. Shortened tendons cause the joint to become enlarged and stiff. Hammer toe occurs in women who regularly wear high heels. Wider, lower-heeled shoes control your discomfort, although surgery is sometimes required.
- Ankle sprain or strain. Often caused by sports injuries or falls, a sprain (an injury to a ligament) or a strain (an injury to a muscle or tendon) is treated with wraps, supportive footwear, physical therapy and stretching exercises.
- Ulcerated diabetic sore. Keeping your blood sugar levels under control prevents nerve damage, injury or sores to diabetic feet. The potential for infection is high. Ulcerated diabetic sore treatment prevents nerve damage and reduces the risk of infection.
- Peripheral vascular disease. This occurs when fatty deposits restrict the blood vessels in your legs and feet, resulting in circulation issues. With Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) testing, the best podiatrist in Brooklyn determines whether your legs are circulating blood effectively. A nutritious diet, prescribed medication and regular exercise encourages healthy circulation.
- Varicose veins. Twisted, swollen veins noticeable underneath your skin can be painful and unsightly. Often the result of age, pregnancy, genetics or obesity, your podiatry doctor has options — from compression stockings to injectables or surgery — to provide relief.
- Cellulitis. A skin infection may occur, especially if you’re dealing with diabetes. Wound care, medication and education combine to keep cellulitis from progressing to more serious conditions.
Podiatrists in Brooklyn
Preventive Techniques for Your Feet
Whether you already suffer from foot concerns or are hoping to forestall more complicated conditions, certain preventive techniques are beneficial. These include:
- Don’t wear other people’s shoes.
- Check your feet regularly and carefully for redness or swelling.
- Keep your toenails short and clean, using personal nail clippers that you regularly clean.
- Watch for skin changes or discolorations. Discuss these symptoms with your podiatrist in Brooklyn.
- Wear low-heeled, well-fitting shoes that are wide enough to avoid unnecessary pressure and provide appropriate support.
- Wiggle and exercise your toes and feet.
- Raise your feet often.
- If you have a sedentary job, stand and stretch frequently.
- Plenty of exercise and walking provide significant benefit.
- Gentle massages and warm foot baths encourage healthy circulation.
- Expose your feet to air frequently and moisturize dry skin.
With the help of podiatry, you can maintain the health of your feet and prevent future illnesses and injuries. Treatment from the best podiatrist in Brooklyn can make the difference between painful conditions and walking through your day with little concern.