Cardiology is a specialty that deals with your heart. Your cardiologist in Brooklyn diagnoses and treats a wide range of heart problems. He’s a cardiologist you can trust. If you need it, you’ll also find a pediatric cardiologist in the Century Medical and Dental practice. When you need experienced cardiology doctors, you’ll find surgical expertise and lifestyle guidance at our clinic in Brooklyn.
Note: Century Medical and Dental Center in Downtown Brooklyn, Flatbush, Gravesend Fort Greene, and Midtown Manhattan accepts all major insurance plans, including Medicare, Medicaid, HIP, Emblemhealth, GHI, MetroPlus, and Fidelis. Our top-rated doctors provide a full range of medical procedures and are among the best cardiologists in the area.
Derived from the Greek words “cardia” and “logy,” the practice of cardiology refers to the study of the heart. Your cardiology specialist treats diseases and conditions of the heart ranging from congenital defects to those that develop later in life, such as coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure.
When your general or Brooklyn internal medicine doctor suspects you have an underlying heart condition, they will refer you to a cardiology doctor. Your symptoms may include:
- Chest pain;
- Shortness of breath;
- Dizzy spells;
- Pale gray or blue skin color;
- Poor weight gain in children;
- Swelling in your extremities.
Risk Factors for Cardiology Concerns
Besides congenital defects, your risk for cardiology concerns can be increased by several other factors, including:
- High cholesterol;
- High blood pressure;
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Conditions Covered by Your Cardiology Doctors
Your cardiology specialist diagnoses and treats a wide range of cardiac conditions in children and adults. A pediatric cardiologist specializes in conditions that present within a few months of birth. The most common condition is a hole in the child’s heart, but your specialist also addresses other conditions like Kawasaki’s disease and arrhythmia.
Cardiologists treat the following conditions in adults:
- Heart attack or disruption of your normal heart rhythm;
- Arteriosclerosis, also called hardening of the arteries, which occurs due to deposits of lipids, inflammatory cells, cholesterol, or plaque within the artery walls, eventually leading to coronary; heart disease or another cardiovascular concern;
- Any abnormal or unusual heart rhythms;
- A disease that keeps your heart valves from properly opening and closing;
- Diseases affecting your heart muscle;
- Blood vessel disease also called vascular disease;
- Venous ablation, the disruption of the electric pathways in your heart due to the destruction or removal of heart tissue;
- Marfan syndrome, a disease affecting the aorta;
- Cardiomyopathy, an enlarged heart.
Procedures Cardiology Doctors Provide
Cardiology doctors use a variety of procedures to diagnose your heart condition. They can also provide solutions to return you to an active and healthy lifestyle. Procedures for diagnoses include:
- An EKG, an electrocardiogram. It measures the electrical activity in your heart, providing information on your heart’s ability to maintain appropriate rhythms.
- An ECHO or echocardiogram. It uses high-frequency sound, similar to an ultrasound, to provide a detailed picture of your heart for your doctor to view the muscles, valves, and vascular tissue.
- An arterial brachial index (ABI). This is a non-invasive test for detecting peripheral arterial disease. Your cardiology specialist compares the pressure in your legs and arms using blood pressure cuffs to check for adequate flow.
- A digital pulse analysis (DPI). This device can detect heart disease and arteriosclerosis by tracking the circulation in your arteries.
- A cardio monitor or halter monitor. This device uses electrocardiography to continuously measure your heart rate and other electrical activity over 24 hours. This gives the specialist information about your heart’s condition at different times of the day and night for a more complete and accurate picture.
- Cardiac catheterizations. These tests measure the pressure inside your heart and provide pictures of your coronary arteries. This allows your doctor to check for any blockages or other issues that could be causing your symptoms.
Various Treatments from Your Cardiologist in Brooklyn
If you’ve already been diagnosed with a heart condition, we may suggest various procedures to repair issues or alleviate symptoms. Among the more prevalent procedures are:
- Thrombolysis. Injection of a clot-dissolving agent removes blood clots and returns healthy blood flow. This treatment is provided after a heart attack.
- Coronary angioplasty. If thrombolysis is not provided quickly, some heart tissue may get damaged, requiring surgery. A balloon is threaded into the artery and inflated to widen the blocked area, restoring blood flow. Stents are often combined with angioplasty to prop open the artery and maintain optimal blood flow.
- Coronary artery bypass surgery. A heart attack may irreparably damage some arteries, or the specialist may determine that bypassing damaged arteries is the best option to avoid a future heart attack. This surgery allows blood to flow naturally through new pathways, avoiding the damaged arteries.
Your Brooklyn cardiologist maintains an up-to-date practice by using state-of-art equipment like echocardiography, pacemakers, and defibrillators, as well as staying on top of the latest studies involving radiofrequency ablation, laser lead extractions, and cardiac resynchronization.
An active lifestyle, along with a healthy diet, regular exercise, and no smoking, allows you to reap the rewards of cardiac health. Your cardiologist will do everything possible to get you back to the active lifestyle you desire.