An infection in the lining of your uterus is called endometritis or myometrium. Pain is not the only symptom, as any infection weakens you while your body fights it off. If you experience any unusual symptoms, from excessive bleeding to a fever, give yourself better odds of beating the infection before it leads to potentially life-threatening consequences. Visit a top-rated gynecologist in Brooklyn at Century Medical and Dental Center. Call today for a consultation, a diagnosis and a cure.
Although the words sound similar, endometritis and endometriosis represent different conditions. The similarity in the words comes from both conditions affecting the lining of your uterus. Endometriosis refers to the lining growing too much or outside the uterus, endometritis refers to an inflammation of the lining. This condition is also called myometrium.
Inflammation is the body’s way of fighting an infection. Your immune system rushes extra fluid and blood, along with white blood cells, to the site of infection to try to fight off the enemy. That’s what causes the inflammation.
Your uterus rarely gets infected because the cervix acts as a gatekeeper. It can close and use mucus to repel bacteria. But surgery, childbirth or other conditions can open the cervix, sometimes letting bacteria through to the uterus.
Causes of Endometritis
While surgery and childbirth sometimes precipitate a bacterial infection, other conditions increase the risk of infection as well. Infections aren’t always preventable, but they’re more likely from:
- A miscarriage
- An infection after childbirth
- A sexually transmitted infection, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea
- A Caesarean delivery, especially in an emergency situation
- Pelvic procedures, such as an endometrial biopsy, dilation and curettage (D&C), an intrauterine device (IUD) insertion or a hysteroscopy, which uses a small telescope to look for abnormalities in your uterus
- Pelvic inflammatory disease, which must be treated quickly to prevent a life-threatening infection
- Normal vaginal bacteria traveling past the cervix and into your uterus, causing inflammation
Some of your symptoms mimic other medical conditions, so consult an experienced gynecologist in Brooklyn. The gynecological staff at Century Medical and Dental Center cooperate with other specialists in this multi-disciplinary clinic to offer you the best all-around care. So make an appointment to see your doctor as soon as possible if you experience:
- Vaginal bleeding or unusual discharge not associated with your normal menstruation
- Abdominal or pelvic pain
- A fever and chills
- Uncomfortable bowel movements or constipation
- Extreme fatigue
- Lower abdominal swelling
- A general feeling of sickness or malaise
If you’re dealing with chlamydia, you may not see normal symptoms. Postpartum endometritis often results in high fevers that must be treated quickly.
Complications Resulting from Endometritis
If your endometritis remains unresolved, it can lead to conditions such as a general pelvic infection called pelvic peritonitis, septic shock, infertility, bacteria in the blood (a condition called septicemia) or abscesses in your uterus or other pelvic organs.
Septicemia and septic shock both may develop into life-threatening situations. Seek endometritis treatment quickly to avoid the complications that rampant or untreated infections can cause. Your gynecologist may refer you to a nearby emergency room if your condition is severe enough. Don’t let it progress that far. When you have unexplained symptoms, make an appointment for a checkup.
Endometritis is often misdiagnosed as a urinary tract infection. At Century Medical and Dental Center, your gynecologist relies on a cervical culture, blood test, endometrial biopsy, endometritis ultrasound, cervical cone biopsy or wet mount. Exploratory surgical procedures, such as hysteroscopy or laparoscopy, may be needed to confirm a correct diagnosis.
The goal of treatment is to remove the infection and resulting inflammation from your uterus. This may involve:
- Endometritis antibiotics used to fight the bacteria inside the uterine lining, although severe infections may require intravenous antibiotics
- Removing infected fluid from any abscesses, either surgically or through needle aspiration
- Removing any compromised tissue left in your uterus after a miscarriage or childbirth through a D&C procedure
- Other tests, such as an endometrial biopsy or cervical cultures, to ensure that the infection has cleared
- Adequate rest coupled with a healthy diet to give your body the resources and energy needed to fight the infection
Preventing Future Endometritis Episodes
If you’ve had problems with endometritis in the past, your gynecologist usually prescribes antibiotics before any invasive surgery or pelvic procedure as a preventive measure. You may continue taking the antibiotics after the procedure to help your body resist any further infection. Your Brooklyn doctor also provides post-procedure instructions to help you recognize possible signs of infection.
If you have endometritis concerns, practice safe sex habits, such as barrier protection and sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening. STIs significantly increase your chance of developing endometritis, so you benefit by being vigilant. If caught early, your gynecologist can easily treat and manage endometritis. Maternal mortality from endometritis is rare in the U.S. Contact your experienced Brooklyn medical practitioners at Century Medical and Dental Center today!